Sudan is located in the north eastern part of the African continent. The River Nile is the main geographical phenomena in Sudan. River Nile Basin represents 67.4 % of Sudan’s space. Sudan is considered a cultural and commercial bridge between north and South Africa and with Arab region.
Geographical location: North Africa on the Red Sea.
Longitude: 21.49 East and 34.8 East
Latitude: 23.8 North and 45.8 North
Space: 882,000 square kilometers.
Climate: Dry and semi dry climate in the north and semi rainy in the center.
Minerals: Oil, iron, gold, chrome, zinc and mica
Animal wealth: camel, goats, sheep, cows and wild life
Land suitable for cultivation: 200 million feddans
Used lands: 20 %
Crops: Sorghum, melts, wheat and ground nuts
Other cash crops: sugar cane, dates, fruits, sun flower and maize.
Irrigated lands: 11 million feddans
Rain fed lands: 29 million feddans
Forests: 11.6 %
Water resources: 309 billion cubic meters
River Nile water: 93 billion cubic meters
Rains average: 400 billion cubic meters.
Underground renewable water resources: 204 billion cubic meters
Population: 34 million
Main towns: Khartoum, Nyala , Port Sudan , Madani and Obeid
Time: 3 + GMT
Langue: Arabic is the official language